The Walled City of Jaipur Named 38th UNESCO World Heritage Site in India

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The Walled City of Jaipur Named 38th UNESCO World Heritage Site in India
The Walled City of Jaipur Named 38th UNESCO World Heritage Site in India

India gets its 38th UNESCO World Heritage Site in the form of Pink City, Jaipur! Big news for India. The Walled City of Jaipur, known for its iconic architectural legacy and vibrant culture, made its entry into the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. The announcement was made after the 43rd Session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, underway at Baku (the capital city of Azerbaijan) from June 30 to July 10, 2019, examined the nomination of the Walled City of Jaipur for inclusion in the World Heritage list.

UNESCO World Heritage Site in India 2019

These Sites are the places which have been officially recognized by a specialized agency of the UN (United Nations), UNESCO based on their natural, cultural, historical, and scientific importance

About UNESCO in brief-

  • UNESCO is a specialized agency of the UN, whose objective is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms. Its headquarter is in Paris, France. Audrey Azoulay is the present Director-General of UNESCO
  • The list of World Heritage sites is maintained by World Heritage Programme which is administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee
  • UNESCO World Heritage Committee-
  • It is composed of 21 UNESCO member states which are elected by the UN General Assembly
  • These are areas of importance of cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, 1972

The Walled City of Jaipur Named 38th UNESCO World Heritage Site in India

The historic city of Jaipur in Rajasthan was founded in 1727 AD under the patronage of Sawai Jai Singh II. It serves as the capital city of the culturally-rich state of Rajasthan. ICOMOS (The International Council on Monuments and Sites) had inspected the city in 2018, post its nomination, adding, the WHC in Baku examined the nomination and inscribed it in UNESCO World Heritage Site list.

  • Currently, There are 38 (30 cultural, 7 natural and 1 mixed) World Heritage Sites in India as on 8th July 2019.
  • First time from India two sites Agra fort and Ajanta Caves were included in World Heritage Sites in 1983
  • In 2018, the following site has been selected as a heritage site
  • Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai, Mumbai
  • Only one mixed-criteria site in India is Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim.

Full list of UNESCO world heritage sites in India

Cultural Heritage sites in India

Sl. No. Cultural Heritage Sites (Year of Inclusion) States/UTs
1 Agra Fort (1983) Uttar Pradesh
2. Ajanta Caves (1983) Maharashtra
3. Ellora Caves(1983) Maharashtra
4. Taj Mahal(1983) Uttar Pradesh
5. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984) Tamil Nadu
6. Sun Temple, Konark (1984) Orissa
7. Churches and Convents of Goa (1986) Goa
8. Fatehpur Sikri (1986) Uttar Pradesh
9. Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986) Karnataka
10. Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) Madhya Pradesh
11. Elephanta Caves (1987) Maharashtra
12. Great Living Chola Temples 12 (1987,2004) Tamil Nadu
13. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987) Karnataka
14. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) Madhya Pradesh
15. Humayun’s Tomb (1993) Delhi
16. Qutb Minar and its Monuments (1993) Delhi
17. Mountain Railways of India (Includes Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka-Shimla Railway) (1990, 2005, 2008) Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Tamilnadu
18. Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya (2002) Bihar
19. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) Madhya Pradesh
20. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park (2004) Gujarat
21. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004) Mumbai
22. Red Fort Complex (2007) Delhi
23. The Jantar Mantar (2010) Delhi
24. Hill Forts of Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambore fort, Gagron Fort, Amber Fort and Jaisalmer Fort) (2013) Rajasthan
25. Rani-ki-Vav at Patan (2014) Gujarat
26. Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) (2016) Bihar
27. Capitol Building Complex – The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier (2016) Chandigarh
28. Historic City of Ahmadabad (2017) Gujarat
29. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai (2018) Mumbai
30. Jaipur City (2019) Rajasthan

Natural Heritage sites in India

Sl. No. Natural Heritage Sites (Year of Inclusion) States
1. Kaziranga National Park (1985) Assam
2. Keoladeo National Park (1985) Rajasthan
3. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985) Assam
4. Sundarbans National Park (1987) West Bengal
5. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005) Uttarakhand
6. Western Ghats (2012) Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra
7. Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area (2014) Himachal Pradesh

Mixed Heritage site in India

Sl. No. Mixed Heritage Site (Year of Inclusion) State
1. Khangchendzonga National Park (2016) Sikkim

 

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